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无花果丛状树形改良方案——“X”型整枝

发布时间:2018-1-7 11:37:24 浏览: 来源:新河无花果

无花果应采用矮化树形,对于北方露天而言,定干低,树体重心下移,方便埋土越冬或者覆盖毛毡;对于大棚而言,定干低,有效利用空间,增加产量,方便采摘。目前北方无花果需要保护越冬的地区修剪多以丛状为主。丛状树形虽然方便压枝埋土越冬,但近些年来暴露的缺点越来越多:通风透光差,单果较小,次年扒土不净易多次生长孽生枝,清除这些孽生枝非常耗费人工。

 新河无花果陈宁给大家推荐一种丛状树形的改良方案——“X”型整枝:

无花果丛状树形改良方案——“X”型整枝

 一、丛状树形改良

排列3号码遗漏CONGZHUANGSHUXINGCHENGNIANSHU,XUANCHUFANGWEIJIAODUHELI、XIANGDUIJIANZHUANGDE4GENZHITIAOZUOWEIZHUZHI,WOMENYIBANYONGTIESISHUANSHIKUAILAZHI,CHENGSHUIPING“X”XINGXIANGWAISHENZHAN。YIBANZHUZHILIU100LIMIZHANGDUJIANJIEWEIYI,HUOJIEHEXINGJIANKUANDULIU。BEIFANGXUYAOBAOHUYUEDONGQIEBINGHAIJIAOSHAODEDIQU,ZHUZHILIDIGAODUKEKONGZHIZAI20-30cmZUOYOU。ZAIMEIGENZHUZHILIANGCEJIANGE20-25cmPEIZHICHUIZHIDIMIANDEJIEGUOZHI,TONGYICEJIWEI40-50LIMI。MEINIANFANFULIU1-2GEYADUANJIEXIUJIAN,JIEGUOMUZHIDEGAODUZAIYIGEPINGMIANSHANG,JIEGUOZHIDEZHEGUOWEIZHIYEYIZHI。SHUGAOKONGZHIZAI1.5-2.0MI。MUQIANCONGZHUANGSHUXINGZHUYAODEZAIPEIMIDUWEI3m*2m。

 二、新栽树“X”整枝

 YINIANSHENGMIAOMUDINGZHIHOU,DINGGANGAODU30-40LIMI。DINGGANXIUJIANMENGFAHOU,XUAN4GEFANGWEIJIAODUJIAOHAODEJIANZHUANGXINSHAOZUOWEIZHUZHIPEIYU。DONGJIXIUJIANSHI,XIANQUEDINGDI1NIANXUANLIU4GEZHUZHIDEZHANGDU。DANGNIANSHENGSHUZHUZHIBUYIGUOFENLIUZHANG,FOUZEJIEGUOLIANGDA,SHIJIEGUOZHIFUZAIDUO,ZHUZHIJIBUSHOURUO,XINSHAOSHENGZHANGRUOERBUZHENGQI,BIXUJIANGZHUZHIDUANJIEXIUJIAN。YIBANZHUZHILIU80LIMIDEJIANJIEWEIYI。JIANGXIUJIANHAODE4GEZHUZHISHENXIANGXINGXIANGDELIANGBIAN,ANZHAOXINGJIANDEKUANDULIUCHUZOUDAO,KEYIYONGZHUGAN+TIESIZUOZHIJIA,JIANGSIGEZHUZHIBANGFUZAIZHIJIASHANGCHENGDAO“X”XINGZHUANG。SHIZHUZHIJINKENENGCHENGSHUIPINGZHUANG,YADEWEIZHIGAODUXIANGDUIYIZHI,JIEGUOZHISHENGZHANGYEXIANGDUIZHENGQI。ZHUZHIXIANDUANSHAOGAO,YILIZHUZHIYANZHANGZHISHENGZHANG。CINIANZAIMEIGENZHUZHILIANGCEJIANGE20-25cmPEIZHICHUIZHIZHUZHIDEJIEGUOZHI。MEINIANFANFULIU1-2GEYADUANJIEXIUJIAN,JIEGUOMUZHIDEGAODUZAIYIGEPINGMIANSHANG,JIEGUOZHIDESHIGUOWEIZHIYEYIZHI。SHANGPINYUANZHUIQIUCHANLIANGKESHIBUTONGQINGKUANGANZHAO2.5-3.0m*1.2-1.5mDINGZHIWEIYI。

无花果丛状树形改良方案——“X”型整枝

 三、优缺点和适宜品种

 YOUDIAN:TONGFENGTOUGUANGHAO,JIEGUOMIANJIDA,GUANLICAISHOUFANGBIAN,CHANLIANGGAO。QUEDIAN:ZHENGZHIYAOQIUXIANGDUIJIAOYANGE,GENGXINJIAONAN。

 目前广泛栽培的枝条生长旺盛、容易结果的品种均可采用,如波姬红,布兰瑞克,芭劳内,斯特拉,青皮等。

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