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嘉祥县新河无花果种植专业合作社
联系人:陈宁
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地址:山东省嘉祥县疃里镇东吴庄村165号

大棚种植无花果如何控制徒长(上)

发布时间:2019-1-19 12:25:02 浏览: 来源:新河无花果

  近几年陈宁去过全国很多无花果园,很多果园树体过旺,大棚内徒长尤为严重。大棚内温度、土壤湿度和空气湿度,相比于露天,都对无花果营养生长提供了有利的条件,但是大棚的优点是这些环境因素大都是可控的。下面陈宁为大家分享大棚无花果控制徒长的几点心得——控水控氮控温度,适树适形适密度,通风透光是关键,摘心不及化控补。这篇文章重点介绍品种、树形、密度和通风透光,余下的下篇再写。

大棚种植无花果如何控制徒长

  1、选择容易控制的品种

排列3号码遗漏  SHUSHIZHONGYONG、SHIGUOBUWEIDIQIESHIHEZUOWEIXIANGUOXIAOSHOUHUOCAIZHAIYUANYONGDEWUHUAGUOPINZHONG,DAPENGZAIPEITUIJIANBOJIHONG、SITELA、BALAONEI、ZISEBOERDUODENG,ZHENGCHANGGUANLIJUNKEYIZUODAODI2-3JIEGUAGUO,JIEJIANDUAN。DANGRANRUGUONIXIANGTIAOZHANYIXIA,BIRUJINAOFEN、QINGPI,GENGGAONANDUYOUDEZILEI(RIZI)、XINJIANGZAOHUANG、PENGLAISHIDENG,HUOXUHUIFEILIHENDUO。 

大棚种植无花果如何控制徒长

  2、选择容易控制的树形、合理密度

  MUQIANDAPENGWUHUAGUOZAIPEIZHULIUSHUXINGWEIYZIXINGHEYIZIXING。YZIXINGYIBANXINGJU2.5-3.0m*0.6-1.0m,MEIMUDINGZHI200-400KE,KEYIKUAISUHUODECHANLIANG,CHANSHENGXIAOYI,DUIYUTOURUCHENGBENJIAOGAODEWENSHIFEICHANGSHIYONG。YIZIXINGYIBANXINGJU2-2.2m*1.5m,MEIMUDINGZHI200-220KE。LIANGZHONGFANGSHIJUNXUYAOTIESIYINFU,SHUGUANJINCOU,ZHENGQIHUAYI,FANGBIANGUANLIHECAIZHAI。LIANGZHONGSHUXINGQUBIESHIYIZIXINGTONGGUOLAZHISHILIANGGENZHUZHIYANXINGXIANGSHUIPINGYANSHEN,GENGYOULIYUJUNHENGJIEGUOZHIZHANGSHI,JIANGDIJIEGUOBUWEI,YOUXIAOKONGZHITUZHANG。

排列3号码遗漏  DAJIADOUZHIDAOWEILAINONGYEZUIDADECHENGBENBINGBUSHIMIAOMU、NONGYAOHUAFEIDENG,ERSHIRENLI。WEILAIWOMENMIANLINZUICANKUZUIWUNAIDEWENTIJIUSHILAODONGLIDUANQUE,TEBIESHIDONGJISHUHUIXIUJIANDERENYUANGENGSHIXIQUE。YIZIXINGZHENGZHIDEYOUSHISHI“SHAGUASHI”XIUJIAN,DUIGUOYUANHOUQIGUANLIDAILAIHENDAFANGBIAN。

  ZAIZHEILI,CHENNINGJIEHESHANDONGJIAXIANGDIQULIUZHIMIDUJIDAJIAJIANYI:CAIZHAIYUANYOUXIAOJIEGUOZHISHULIANGWEI1500-1600GENZUOYOU,SHENGCHANYUANJIANYI1800-2200GENWEIYI,CHAOGUO2200KENENGGUANLINANDUHUIDAYIXIE。

大棚种植无花果如何控制徒长

  3、良好的通风透光

排列3号码遗漏  ZIRANHUANJINGDUIWUHUAGUOSHUDESHENGZHANGYOUJIAODAYINGXIANG。RUZAIDUOYUDUOSHIDEDIDAI,WUHUAGUODEGUANGZHAOHETONGFENGTIAOJIANJIAOCHA,SHUSHIRONGYIPIANWANG,YINCIYAOSHIDANGKONGZHIWUHUAGUOSHUGUANDETIJI,BINGSHIDANGJIANSHAOLIUZHIDESHULIANG。SHENGZHANGQIXIUJIANZHUYAOSHIJISHICHUQUNIESHENGZHIHETUZHANGZHI,SHUCHUGUOMIZHI,BAOCHILIANGHAODETONGFENGTOUGUANGTIAOJIAN。BIXUZHUYIKONGZHIZAIPEIMIDUHEHELIXIUJIAN,XUANYONGTOUGUANGXINGHAODEPENGMO,BINGBAOCHIJIEJING,YIGAISHANGUANGZHAOTIAOJIAN,QUEBAOWUHUAGUOZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANGFAYU。HEBEICANGZHOUSONGLAOSHIJIWOMENDEJIANYISHIYOUTIAOJIANPENGMOJINLIANGYINIANYIHUAN,YINWEINIGENGHUANPENGMODAILAIDEGUANGZHAOGAISHAN,CONGERXIANGUOCHANLIANGPINZHIDETISHENGYUANBIJIXUSHIYONGJIUPENGMOJIESHENGNEIDIANFEIYONGHUASUANDEDUO。TONGFENGKOUYICHENNINGDEDAPENGWEILI,JIANYIDANDONGLENGPENGFENGKOUDAKAIDEGAODUBUDIYU2m,PENGGAOBUDIYU3.5m;RUGUOSHILIANDONGDAPENG(LENGPENG),CHUCEMIANFENGKOUDAKAIGAODUBUDIYU2m,YOUTIAOJIANJINLIANGKAISHANGFENGKOU,WOMEN8mKUADUDELIANDONGDAPENG,SHANGMIANLIANGCEDOUKEYIDAKAI1.5mKUANDESHANGFENGKOU;NUANPENGYINGKONGZHISHANGXIAFENGKOUQUANBUDAKAI,TIANZUIREDESHIHOUGAOYUHUANJINGWENDU2-4℃YINEI。

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